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Chemical Test: If you submitted to a breath or blood test at the request of the officer after being arrested you were likely issued a DI-177.  This forms serves as your temporary driving permit until you are able to get a new card license from the Secretary of State.  Further, this form should contain valuable information about your case including the alleged Blood Alcohol Content.

Chemical Test Refusal: If you refused to submit to a breath test at the police station (or in some instances in the back of a police van) or a blood test you will likely have been issued a DI-93.  If you have been issued this form you have 14 days to request a hearing with the Secretary of State before you license will be suspended for a minimum period of 1 year.

Preliminary Breath Test:  Police utilize a Preliminary Breath Test or PBT to establish an estimate of an individuals Blood Alcohol Content on the road side.  The actual device used various by department across the state.

Driver License Appeal Division (DLAD):  If your license has been revoked you will likely need to appeal to the Secretary of State for reinstatement.  The Secretary of State's Driver License Appeal Division handles these hearings.
DUI/OWI/OWVI/DWI/OUIL:  These acronyms all refer to the offense of drunk driving.  In Michigan our Legislature uses OWI or OWVI, meaning Operating While Intoxicated or Operating While Visibly Impaired.  MCL 257.625 of the Michigan Motor Vehicle Code contains all the statutory elements of the different levels of this offense.  The legal limit in Michigan is .08.

Ignition Interlock:  This device is installed on a driver's vehicle.  When installed, a negative breath sample must be provided prior to the vehicle being started.  Additionally, the device requires "rolling retests" periodically while the vehicle is being driven.  An ignition interlock is typically ordered as part of the license restoration process, but is also possible as a bond or probation condition.  It is also a mandatory sanction for a Super Drunk or OWI with a BAC greater than or equal to .17.

OWPD: This acronym refers to the offense of Operating with the Presence of Drugs.  Here the State must simply show that an individual operated a motor vehicle while a Schedule 1 drug was present in their system.  No showing of impairment is necessary.

OUID: The acronym for the offense of Operating Under the Influence of Drugs.  If the State is pursing these charges, they must show that the controlled substance alleged to have been found in the driver's system effected their ability to operate the motor vehicle in a normal way.

DataMaster:  Most police departments in Michigan continue to use this device to quickly measure an individuals Blood Alcohol Content.  Many of these machines have been in use since the early 90's, receiving little more than monthly checks for reliability.

DataMaster DMT:  Some police departments have had these newer breath testing devices installed.  The new machines provide some additional internal procedures designed to provide a more reliable Blood Alcohol Content.  You can find more information about this device here.

Law Office of Andrew W. Kowalkowski PLLC
2525 S. Telegraph Road, Suite 100
Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 48302
Phone: 248.974.9594
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